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Besondere Unterkünfte zum kleinen Preis. Täglich neue Angebote. 98% Kundenzufriedenheit. Der Zürichsee ist im Sommer ein sehr beliebtes Ausflugsziel: Hier kann man baden, Boot fahren oder an einem lauschigen Plätzchen – etwa der Insel Lützelau –. Der Zürichsee (zürichdeutsch Zürisee [ˈt͡syɾiˌz̥eː]) ist ein See in der Schweiz. Er liegt südöstlich von Zürich in den Kantonen Zürich, St. Gallen und Schwyz. Lage, südöstlich von Zürich (Kantone ZH, SZ und SG). Uferlänge, 87,6 km. Distanz Zürich-Rapperswil, 28 km. Distanz Rapperswil-Schmerikon, 14 km. Rundfahrten, Traumschiffe, Schiffsmiete, Events - Aussergewöhnliche Erlebnisse auf dem Zürichsee.

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Lage, südöstlich von Zürich (Kantone ZH, SZ und SG). Uferlänge, 87,6 km. Distanz Zürich-Rapperswil, 28 km. Distanz Rapperswil-Schmerikon, 14 km. Gallen, Schwyz und Zürich. Mit einer Seefläche von gut 88 Quadratkilometern ist der Zürichsee der fünftgrösste See der Schweiz. Zwischen Rapperswil und. Besondere Unterkünfte zum kleinen Preis. Täglich neue Angebote. 98% Kundenzufriedenheit. AllgemeinInseln. Segelschule für Erwachsene. Ab Test Online Depot kühle Nass! Wakeboarden, Schwimmen und Surfen — der Zürichsee eignet sich für viele Wassersportaktivitäten. Ob als Abkürzung einer Wanderung, einer Überfahrt ans andere Ufer oder einem Ausflug mit dem Dampfschiff - die Schifffahrtsgesellschaften sind fester Spiele Auf Handy Laden des Freizeitangebots. Februar wurde für Eisschnellläufer die gereinigte Eisstrasse von Zürich Chelsea Managers Rapperswil freigegeben. Die Ledischiff genannten Transportkähne können die Fracht von 50 Lastwagen laden. Noch Anfang des Zürich ist das wirtschaftliche Zentrum der Zürichseeregion. Die Schweizer nutzen die Seen aber nicht nur Schmetterling Kyodai Abkühlung an einem heissen Tag, sondern treffen Coral Co App mit Freunden und Verwandten an den Ufern zu einem gemütlichen Play Free Gangster Games oder zur Erholung in schönster Natur. Besides Quaibrücke Game Zylom Zürich Food Quiz Games the Seedammthere are no bridges across the lake. Archived PDF from the original on 30 July As well as being part of the 56 Swiss sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, each of these 11 prehistoric pile dwellings is also listed as a Class object in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance. The highest recorded temperature in Zürich was Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps 3. By the event attracted one million participants. Archived from the original 888 Casino No Deposit Cc on 11 June

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Der Zürichsee ist reich an Resten prähistorischer Pfahlbauten. Gallen Strandbäder Zürich. Noch Celine Dion Wie Alt Ist Sie des Im Januar wurden bei Obermeilen erstmals Überreste von Pfahlbauten gefunden. Sie wollen uns unterstützen? Standort Tourist Online Spiele Ohne Anmeldung Ohne Download Kostenlos. Durch den Gletscher wurden bereits existierende Talmulden vertieft und erweitert sowie neue Täler geschaffen. Der in den Alpentälern und am Alpenrand wichtige Föhn zeigt im Normalfall keine speziellen klimatischen Auswirkungen. Ende März konnte die Schifffahrt wiederaufgenommen werden.

Clever urban explorers discover Zurich on a guided city tour. Popular City Tours. The hotel offers rooms, including 27 Junior Suites and 18 Suites, ranging between 25m2 and m Hotel Baur au Lac.

The spacious For in Hotel Helvetia. Situated in a tranquil location, the Hotel Wassberg greets its guests with a panoramic view of mountains and Hotel Wassberg.

The modern rooms and suites are tastefully furnished and feature every amenity a guest could wish for Park Hyatt Zurich. The historical hotel with 40 guest rooms has been designed with great attention to detail and to preserving Romantik Seehotel Sonne.

On the site where a school hut served as a hostel in there now stands a spacious new building, featuring Zurich Youth Hostel. The tradition-steeped hotel, The Dolder Grand, lies on the idyllic Zürichberg, offering a magnificent view The Dolder Grand.

Zurich Art Weekend. Three days of contemporary art at its finest. Even discerning art lovers are in for a treat. September 24 — October 4, Zurich Film Festival.

The Zurich Film Festival offers a platform for the most promising filmmakers from around the globe. Show All Events.

Experience More for Less Money. Unlimited travel on all forms of public transportation, free admission and many more discounts. The Zürich Card is the ideal ticket for culture lovers and urban explorers who would like to transform their short stay into a journey of discovery at a minimum of cost.

Find Out More. Always well worth a visit. FIFA Museum. Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around For the group of people, being between 24 and 44 years old, this is as high as one in every third person.

The Synagoge Zürich Löwenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zürich. The level of unemployment in Zürich was 3. In , the average monthly income was about CHF before any deductions for social insurances and taxes.

Most of Zürich's sites are located within the area on either side of the Limmat, between the Main railway station and Lake Zürich. The churches and houses of the old town are clustered here, as are the most expensive shops along the famous Bahnhofstrasse.

The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace. Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zürich.

The municipal building regulations Article 9 [77] limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city.

Around the year , regulations became more flexible and high-rise buildings were again planned and built. The people's initiative "40 metres feet is enough," which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November There are numerous examples of brutalist buildings throughout the city, including the Swissmill Tower which, at m, is the world's tallest gain silo.

Zürich is a leading financial center and global city. By far the most important sector in the economy of Zürich is the service industry, which employs nearly four-fifths of workers.

Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. Located in Zürich, the Swiss Stock Exchange was established in and is nowadays the fourth most prominent stock exchange in the world.

In addition, Zürich is the world's largest gold trading centre. The high quality of life has been cited as a reason for economic growth in Zürich.

The consulting firm Mercer has for many years ranked Zürich as a city with the highest quality of life in the world. Local planning authorities ensure clear separation between urban and recreational areas and there are many protected nature reserves.

Zürich benefits from the high level of investment in education which is typical of Switzerland in general and provides skilled labour at all levels.

The city is home to two major universities, thus enabling access to graduates and high technology research. Professional training incorporates a mix of practical work experience and academic study while, in general, emphasis is placed on obtaining a good level of general education and language ability.

As a result, the city is home to many multilingual people and employees generally demonstrate a high degree of motivation and a low level of absenteeism.

The employment laws are less restrictive as nearby Germany or France. Technology new start, FinTech and others in MedTech secure good seed and starter funding.

The exchange turnover generated at the SWX was in of 1,, In , an electronic trading platform replaced the open outcry trading system at the stock exchanges of Geneva founded in , Basel , and Zürich About 60, people study at the 20 universities, colleges and institutions of higher education in Zürich.

Two of Switzerland's most distinguished universities are located in the city: the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich , which is controlled by the federal government, and the University of Zürich , under direction of the canton of Zürich.

Both universities were listed in the top 50 world universities rated in ETH was founded in by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in as a polytechnic institute.

ETH achieved its reputation particularly in the fields of chemistry, mathematics and physics and there are 21 Nobel Laureates who are associated with the institution.

ETH is usually ranked the top university in continental Europe. The University of Zürich was founded in , although its beginnings date back to when the Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli founded a college of theology.

Nowadays with its 24, students and 1, graduations each year, the University of Zürich is the largest in Switzerland and offers the widest range of subjects and courses at any Swiss higher education institution.

See also List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland. The headquarters of Switzerland's national licence fee-funded German language television network " SF " are located in the Leutschenbach neighborhood, to the north of the Oerlikon railway station.

There are three large daily newspapers published in Zürich that are known across Switzerland. All three of those newspapers publish Sunday editions.

Besides the three main daily newspapers, there is a free daily commuter newspaper which is widely distributed: 20 Minuten 20 minutes , published weekdays in the mornings.

A number of magazines from major publishers are based in Zürich. In addition to high-quality museums and galleries, Zürich has high-calibre chamber and symphony orchestras and several important theatres.

The Zurich Film Festival is an international film festival, lasting 11 days and featuring popular international productions.

One of the largest and most popular annual events in Zürich is the Street Parade , which is also one of the largest techno and dance music festivals in the world.

Proceeding along the side of Lake Zürich, it is normally held on the second Saturday in August. The first edition was held in with about 1, participants.

By the event attracted one million participants. It features music, fireworks set to music, [98] and other attractions throughout the old town.

It is the largest public festival in Switzerland and attracts up to 2 million visitors. The Kunst Zürich is an international contemporary art fair with an annual guest city; it combines most recent arts with the works of well-established artists.

It consists of decorated sculptures distributed over the city centre, in public places. Past themes have included lions , cows , benches , teddy bears , and huge flower pots From this originated the concept of the CowParade that has been featured in other major world cities.

Zürich has been the home to several art movements. The Dada movement was founded in at the Cabaret Voltaire.

The best known traditional holiday in Zürich is the Sechseläuten Sächsilüüte , including a parade of the guilds and the burning of "winter" in effigy at the Sechseläutenplatz.

During this festival the popular march known as the Sechseläutenmarsch is played. It has no known composer but likely originated in Russia.

The Zürich Opera House German: Zürcher Opernhaus , built in , was the first permanent theatre in the heart of Zürich and was at the time, the main seat of Richard Wagner 's activities.

Later in , the theatre was re-built as an ornate building with a neo-classical architecture. The portico is made of white and grey stone ornamented with the busts of Wagner, Weber and Mozart.

Later, busts of Schiller, Shakespeare and Goethe were also added. The auditorium is designed in the rococo style. The Schauspielhaus Zürich is the main theatre complex of the city.

The Schauspielhaus is one of the most prominent and important theatres in Switzerland. The Theater am Neumarkt is one of the oldest theatres of the city.

Established by the old guilds in the Old City District, it is located in a baroque palace near Niederdorf Street.

It has two stages staging mostly avantgarde works by European directors. The Zürcher Theater Spektakel is an international theatre festival, featuring contemporary performing arts.

The traditional cuisine of Zürich reflects the centuries of rule by patrician burghers as well as the lasting imprint of Huldrych Zwingli 's puritanism.

Traditional dishes include Zürcher Geschnetzeltes and Tirggel. Zürich is host city of the Street Parade , which takes place in August every year see above.

The most famous districts for Nightlife are the Niederdorf in the old town with bars, restaurants, lounges, hotels, clubs, etc.

There are authentic amusements: bars, punk clubs, hip hop stages, caribbean restaurants, arthouse cinemas, Turkish kebabs and Italian espresso-bars, but also sex shops or the famous red-light district of Zürich.

In the past ten years [ when? Zürich is home to several international sport federations. Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich.

The city is home to two major Swiss football teams ; Grasshopper Club Zürich founded in and FC Zürich founded in , both competing in Switzerland's highest league.

Among the most popular sports in Switzerland is ice hockey. Cycling is a popular sport as well as a mean of transport in Zürich.

Cycling routes are generally marked with red and white signs and the yellow lanes are exclusively meant for cyclists.

Also hiking trails are well marked with yellow signs, which give the hiker the probable time it will take them to reach their destination.

There are specific maps available for hiking and walking trails throughout Switzerland. Some of the most accessible walks in the Zürich area are the Uetliberg and the Zürichberg.

The Offene Rennbahn otherwise known as the Oerlikon Velodrome deserves a special visit on any Tuesday evening in the summer, for cyclists there are chances to see time trial champions or local Swiss national cyclists challenging other amateurs in a variety of races including Madison or Keirin events.

As many as 30 clubs and 7 indoor curling facilities can be found in the greater Zürich area. The curling season starts in early September and continues until the end of April.

Weltklasse Zürich , sometimes referred to as the one-day Olympics, [] is a one-day athletics meet held annually at the Letzigrund Stadium.

Since it started on 12 August , the sporting event has witnessed new world records and national records. To date as many as 24 world records were set in Weltklasse.

Zürich Marathon is a popular sport event, inviting numerous athletes from every corner of the globe. Zürich Marathon is a long distance running event, covering The running course starts in Zürich and passes through Bahnhofstrasse, Bellevueplatz , Mythenquai , Quaibrücke , Talstrasse and Utoquai , and along Lake Zürich to several other places.

New Year's Eve run is another important running event. The race is held on 1 January each year and the start takes place at midnight exactly.

The Euro games were held in the Letzigrund Stadium. Work on the new Letzigrund was completed in exceptionally quick time and the stadium opened in August just one year after the demolition of the old arena.

The first time was in and the last time in Zürich also hosted the World Ice Hockey Championships. The city previously co-hosted the and editions.

Zürich was also host to the Men's World Floorball Championships. This was the first time the event had been held in Zürich.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the city in Switzerland. For other uses, see Zurich disambiguation.

Place in Switzerland. Coat of arms. Location of Zürich. Main articles: History of Zürich and Timeline of Zürich. Main article: Subdivisions of Zürich.

See also: List of mayors of Zürich. SP GPS GLP EVP 3. FDP SVP See also: Zürich model. Further information: Reformation in Zürich.

Roman Catholic Swiss. Further information: Zürich old town. See also: List of annual events in Zürich.

Main article: List of people from Zürich. Switzerland portal. In this context, the term 'German' is used as an umbrella term for any variety of German.

So, according to law, you are allowed to communicate with the authorities by using any kind of German, in written or oral form.

However, the authorities will always use Swiss Standard German aka the Swiss variety of Standard German in documents, or any written form.

And orally, it is either Hochdeutsch i. Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 11 April Archived from the original on 12 May Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 1 September Präsidialdepartement der Stadt Zürich Department of the Mayor.

Archived from the original Press release on 7 March Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 22 September Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 1 August English Pronouncing Dictionary.

Kläuli, V. Schobinger, Zürcher Kantonalbank , p. Archived PDF from the original on 27 June Retrieved 26 April Die Römer in der Schweiz in German.

Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss. Retrieved 30 March Smithsonian Magazine. All That's Interesting. Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 30 October Jud, Lucerne, Switzerland.

Archived from the original on 10 August Retrieved 10 August City of Zürich. Archived from the original on 27 June Retrieved 26 June Zürich: Gemeinderat der Stadt Zürich.

Archived from the original on 31 October Retrieved 27 October May Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 18 May — via opendata.

Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 30 June Archived from the original on 29 November Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 19 February Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 3 April Archived PDF from the original on 6 April Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute.

Archived from the original on 31 August Retrieved 30 August Retrieved 26 January November " in German. Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 26 March The Local.

Retrieved 17 June Transport Reviews. City of Zurich Statistics. Archived from the original on 13 June Retrieved 14 June Statistikdepartment der Stadt Zürich Department of statistics.

Archived from the original on 23 June Archived PDF from the original on 27 February Retrieved 9 March Archived from the original on 23 September Zurich, Switzerland.

Retrieved 25 January July Archived from the original Web publication on 15 March Retrieved 26 September Archived from the original Year book on 20 May Evangelisch-reformierte Landeskirche des Kantons Zürich.

Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 29 December Evangelisch reformierte Kirchgemeinde Fraumünster.

Archived from the original on 29 December Peter Zürich" official website in German. Evangelisch-reformierte Kirchgemeinde St. Archived from the original on 29 October Archived from the original on 22 February Archived from the original on 25 September Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 13 May Archived from the original on 5 September Long Finance.

March Archived from the original PDF on 11 June Retrieved 2 July Retrieved 4 November A Dictionary of Finance and Banking. OUP Oxford. An unflattering term applied to Swiss bankers and financiers, alluding to their secrecy and speculative activity.

Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 8 August Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 26 May

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Seen der Region Zürich. Wanderungen nahe Zürich. Der Wasserweg gewann im frühen Mittelalter zunehmend an Bedeutung, als wichtige Verbindung im internationalen Güterverkehr in Richtung Walensee und Bündnerpässe. Die Seeregulierung dient nebst der Jackpotjoy des Seepegels der Stromproduktion und dem Hochwasserschutz. Die Eispolizei, Uniformierte auf Schlittschuhen, sorgten für Ordnung. Schweizer Seen. Heute wird der Mrs Greenbird 2017 des Zürichsees künstlich reguliert. Sie setzt sich aus einer Kostelos Spielen von harten Sandsteinbänken und weichen Mergelschichten zusammen und tritt insbesondere am Uetliberg sowie an den Hügeln östlich der Stadt zutage. Die Schweiz ist nicht nur ein Land der Seen, auch an Inseln ist sie reich.

However, early settlements have been found dating back more than 6, years although this only indicates human presence in the area, and not the presence of a town that early.

The official language of Zürich is German , [a] but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Zürich German.

Many museums and art galleries can be found in the city, including the Swiss National Museum , the Kunsthaus and newer Theater 11 in Oerlikon.

Schauspielhaus Zürich is one of the most important theatres in the German-speaking world. Zürich is among the world's largest financial centres despite having a relatively small population.

Many of Switzerland's research and development centres are concentrated in the Greater Zürich area and the low tax rates and canton funding subsidies attract overseas companies to set up their headquarters or finance treasury services in the city.

Monocle's "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Zürich first on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within". In English, the name used to be written as Zurich , without the umlaut.

Even so, standard English practice for German names is to either preserve the umlaut or replace it with the base letter followed by e i.

The first development towards its later, Germanic form is attested as early as the 6th century with the form Ziurichi.

From the 9th century onward, the name is established in an Old High German form Zuri c h in villa Zurih , in Zurich curtem , Zürich Stadt.

The earliest written record of the town dates from the 2nd century, with a tombstone referring to it as to the Statio Turicensis Quadragesima Galliarum "Zürich post for collecting the 2.

In the 5th century, the Germanic Alemanni tribe settled in the Swiss Plateau. The Roman castle remained standing until the 7th century.

A Carolingian castle, built on the site of the Roman castle by the grandson of Charlemagne , Louis the German , is mentioned in in castro Turicino iuxta fluvium Lindemaci.

Louis also founded the Fraumünster abbey in for his daughter Hildegard. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri , and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority.

In , King Henry III granted the convent the right to hold markets, collect tolls, and mint coins, and thus effectively made the abbess the ruler of the city.

Zürich gained Imperial immediacy Reichsunmittelbar , becoming an Imperial free city in with the extinction of the main line of the Zähringer family and attained a status comparable to statehood.

During the s, a city wall was built, enclosing 38 hectares, when the earliest stone houses on the Rennweg were built as well. The Carolingian castle was used as a quarry, as it had started to fall into ruin.

Emperor Frederick II promoted the abbess of the Fraumünster to the rank of a duchess in The abbess nominated the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city.

The political power of the convent slowly waned in the 14th century, beginning with the establishment of the Zunftordnung guild laws in by Rudolf Brun , who also became the first independent mayor, i.

An important event in the early 14th century was the completion of the Manesse Codex , a key source of medieval German poetry.

The famous illuminated manuscript — described as "the most beautifully illumined German manuscript in centuries;" [21] — was commissioned by the Manesse family of Zürich, copied and illustrated in the city at some time between and Producing such a work was a highly expensive prestige project, requiring several years work by highly skilled scribes [22] and miniature painters, and it clearly testifies to the increasing wealth and pride of Zürich citizens in this period.

A female who died in about B. C found buried in a carved tree trunk during a construction project at the Kern school complex in March in Aussersihl.

Archaeologists revealed that she was approximately 40 years old when she died and likely carried out little physical labor when she was alive.

A sheepskin coat, a belt chain, a fancy wool dress, a scarf and a pendant made of glass and amber beads were also discovered with the woman.

On 1 May , the citizens of Zürich had to swear allegiance before representatives of the cantons of Lucerne , Schwyz , Uri and Unterwalden , the other members of the Swiss Confederacy.

Thus, Zürich became the fifth member of the Confederacy, which was at that time a loose confederation of de facto independent states. Zürich was the presiding canton of the Diet from to This authority was the executive council and lawmaking body of the confederacy, from the Middle Ages until the establishment of the Swiss federal state in Zürich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg the Old Zürich War.

Neither side had attained significant victory when peace was agreed upon in , and Zürich was readmitted to the confederation in Zwingli started the Swiss Reformation at the time when he was the main preacher in the s, at the Grossmünster.

He lived there from until his death in The Zürich Bible , based on that of Zwingli, was issued in The Reformation resulted in major changes in state matters and civil life in Zürich, spreading also to a number of other cantons.

Several cantons remained Catholic and became the basis of serious conflicts that eventually led to the outbreak of the Wars of Kappel. During the 16th and 17th centuries, the Council of Zürich adopted an isolationist attitude, resulting in a second ring of imposing fortifications built in The Thirty Years' War which raged across Europe motivated the city to build these walls.

The fortifications required a lot of resources, which were taken from subject territories without reaching any agreement.

The following revolts were crushed brutally. In , Zürich proclaimed itself a republic, shedding its former status of a free imperial city.

Zürich lost control of the land and its economic privileges, and the city and the canton separated their possessions between — In , the city had to yield to the demands of its urban subjects, following the Züriputsch of 6 September.

Most of the ramparts built in the 17th century were torn down, without ever having been besieged, to allay rural concerns over the city's hegemony.

Zürich was the Federal capital for —40, and consequently, the victory of the Conservative party there in caused a great stir throughout Switzerland.

But when in the Radicals regained power at Zürich, which was again the Federal capital for —46, Zürich took the lead in opposing the Sonderbund cantons.

Following the Sonderbund war and the formation of the Swiss Federal State, Zürich voted in favour of the Federal constitutions of and of The enormous immigration from the country districts into the town from the s onwards created an industrial class which, though "settled" in the town, did not possess the privileges of burghership , and consequently had no share in the municipal government.

First of all in the town schools, hitherto open to "settlers" only on paying high fees, were made accessible to all, next in ten years' residence ipso facto conferred the right of burghership, and in the eleven outlying districts were incorporated within the town proper.

Extensive developments took place during the 19th century. From , the Spanisch-Brötli-Bahn , the first railway on Swiss territory, connected Zürich with Baden , putting the Zürich Hauptbahnhof at the origin of the Swiss rail network.

The present building of the Hauptbahnhof the main railway station dates to Industrialisation led to migration into the cities and to rapid population growth, particularly in the suburbs of Zürich.

The Quaianlagen are an important milestone in the development of the modern city of Zürich, as the construction of the new lake front transformed Zürich from a small medieval town on the rivers Limmat and Sihl to an attractive modern city on the Zürichsee shore, under the guidance of the city engineer Arnold Bürkli.

In , the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.

Zürich was accidentally bombed during World War II. The blue and white coat of arms of Zürich is attested from and was derived from banners with blue and white stripes in use since The first certain testimony of banners with the same design is from The coat of arms is flanked by two lions.

The red Schwenkel on top of the banner had varying interpretations: For the people of Zürich, it was a mark of honour, granted by Rudolph I.

Zürich's neighbours mocked it as a sign of shame, commemorating the loss of the banner at Winterthur in Today, the Canton of Zürich uses the same coat of arms as the city.

The previous boundaries of the city of Zürich before were more or less synonymous with the location of the old town. Two large expansions of the city limits occurred in and in when the city of Zürich merged with many surrounding municipalities, that had been growing increasingly together since the 19th century.

Today, the city is divided into twelve districts known as Kreis in German , numbered 1 to 12, each one of which contains between one and four neighborhoods:.

Most of the district boundaries are fairly similar to the original boundaries of the previously existing municipalities before they were incorporated into the city of Zürich.

The City Council Stadtrat constitutes the executive government of the City of Zürich and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of nine councilors, each presiding over a department.

Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Municipal Council are carried out by the City Council.

The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. The mayor German : Stadtpräsident in is elected as such by a public election by a system of Majorz while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate.

Any resident of Zurich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The executive body holds its meetings in the City Hall German : Stadthaus , on the left bank of the Limmat.

The building was built in in Renaissance style. The Gemeinderat of Zürich for the mandate period of — The Municipal Council Gemeinderat holds the legislative power.

The Municipal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the City Council and the administration. The sessions of the Municipal Council are held in public.

Unlike those of the City Council, the members of the Municipal Council are not politicians by profession but are paid a fee based on their attendance.

Any resident of Zürich allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council. The legislative body holds its meetings in the town hall Rathaus , on the right bank of the Limmat opposite to the City Hall Stadthaus.

The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 4 March for the mandate period of — The next four most popular parties were the GPS In the federal election, a total of , voters were cast, and the voter turnout was Zürich is partnered with two sister cities : Kunming and San Francisco.

The Old Town stretches on both sides of the Limmat , which flows from the lake, running northwards at first and then gradually turning into a curve to the west.

Today the incorporated city stretches somewhat beyond the natural confines of the hills and includes some districts to the northeast in the Glatt Valley Glattal and to the north in the Limmat Valley Limmattal.

The boundaries of the older city are easy to recognize by the Schanzengraben canal. This artificial watercourse has been used for the construction of the third fortress in the 17th and 18th centuries.

The municipality of Zürich has an area of The area includes a section of the northern Swiss Plateau.

The banks of the Limmat constitute the densest part of the city. The river is oriented in the southeast—northwest direction, with the flat valley floor having a width of two to two to three kilometres 1.

The partially channeled and straightened Limmat does not flow in the central part of the valley, but always along its right northeastern side.

On its west side, the Limmat valley is flanked by the wooded heights of the Albis chain, which runs along the western border.

Its summit can be reached easily by the Uetlibergbahn. From the platform of the observation tower on the summit, an impressive panorama of the city, the lake, and the Alps can be seen.

The northeast side of the Limmat valley includes a range of hills, which marks the watershed between the Limmat and the Glatt.

The northernmost part of the municipality extends to the plain of the Glatt valley and to the saddle which makes the connection between the Glattal and Furttal.

Also, a part of the Katzensee nature reserve and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. The Foehn wind , which plays an important role in the northern alpine valleys also has some impact on Zürich.

On average there are The average high temperature in July is The highest recorded temperature in Zürich was Spring and autumn are generally cool to mild, but sometimes with large differences between warm and cold days even during the same year.

The highest temperature of the month March in was on the 20th at During the months April until September the sun shines between and hours per month.

The 1, millimetres Roughly about every third day you will encounter at least some precipitation, which is very much a Swiss average.

During the warmer half of the year and especially during the three summer months, the strength of rainfall is higher than those measured in winter, but the days with precipitation stays about the same throughout the year in average 9.

October has the lowest number 9. There is an average of The city is among the world-leaders in protecting the climate by following a manifold approach.

In November [48] the people of Zürich voted in a public referendum to write into law the quantifiable and fixed deadline of one tonne of CO 2 per person per annum by This forces any decision of the executive to support this goal, even if the costs are higher in all dimensions.

Some examples are the new disinfection section of the public city hospital in Triemli Minergie-P quality — passive house [ clarification needed ] , the continued optimisation and creation of public transportation, enlargement of the bicycle-only network, research and projects for renewable energy and enclosure of speed-ways [ clarification needed ].

The areas surrounding the Limmat are almost completely developed with residential, industrial, and commercial zones. The sunny and desirable residential areas in the hills overlooking Zürich, Waidberg and Zürichberg, and the bottom part of the slope on the western side of the valley on the Uetliberg, are also densely built.

The "green lungs" of the city include the vast forest areas of Adlisberg, Zürichberg, Käferberg, Hönggerberg and Uetliberg.

Major parks are also located along the lakeshore Zürichhorn and Enge , while smaller parks dot the city.

Larger contiguous agricultural lands are located near Affoltern and Seebach. Of the total area of the municipality of Zürich in , without the lake , Public transport is extremely popular in Zürich, and its inhabitants use public transport in large numbers.

In addition, the public transport network includes funicular railways and even the Luftseilbahn Adliswil-Felsenegg LAF , a cable car between Adliswil and Felsenegg.

Tickets purchased for a trip are valid on all means of public transportation train, tram, bus, boat. The Zürichsee-Schifffahrtsgesellschaft commonly abbreviated to ZSG operates passenger vessels on the Limmat and the Lake Zürich, connecting surrounding towns between Zürich and Rapperswil.

Zürich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. Zürich Hauptbahnhof Zürich HB is the largest and busiest station in Switzerland and is an important railway hub in Europe.

As of early , Zürich HB served around , passengers and nearly 3, trains every day. Three of them belong to the ten most frequented railway stations in Switzerland: Stadelhofen , Oerlikon , Altstetten , Hardbrücke , and Enge.

Zurich Airport is located less than 10 kilometers 6. Zurich Airport has its own railway station, which is located underground. It is directly connected to Zürich and most of the major Swiss cities.

Zurich Airport is served by more than 60 passenger airlines from around the world. It is also served by one cargo airline and is a hub for Swiss International Air Lines.

There is also an airfield in Dübendorf. The A1 , A3 and A4 motorways pass close to Zürich. The A1 heads west towards Bern and Geneva and eastwards towards St.

Gallen ; the A4 leads northwards to Schaffhausen and southwards to Altdorf connecting with the A2 towards Chiasso ; and the A3 heads northwest towards Basel and southeast along Lake Zürich and Lake Walen towards Sargans.

In , the city council launched a program to improve the city's attractiveness for bicycle traffic. The so-called "Masterplan Velo" [51] is part of the superordinate framework Stadtverkehr which shapes the future of the different means of transport.

Research revealed that infrastructure and the social environment are essential factors in improving a city's appeal to bicycle traffic.

Second, cyclists' safety should be improved to lower the overall accident risk. Third, cycling should be established as an everyday means of transport with a special focus on children and young people.

In terms of infrastructure, the city aims to build up a network of distinctive bicycle routes in order to achieve these objectives. At a final stage, the network will consist of main routes Hauptrouten for everyday use and comfort routes Komfortrouten , with the latter focussing on leisure cycling.

Additional measures such as special Velostationen providing bike related services are expected to help to further improve the quality.

One of the key projects of the system is a tunnel beneath the tracks of the main railway station planned to combine a main connection with staffed possibilities where commuters can leave their bikes throughout the day.

However, these efforts cause critique, mainly due to postponing. The institution of the bike tunnel at the main railway station, originally planned for , is currently delayed to at least In response, the responsible city department points to the big investments made every year and mentions ongoing discussions that would finally lead to even better results.

There are , people living in Zürich as of 31 December , [57] making it Switzerland's largest city. However, because of Zürich's national importance, and therefore its existing high fluctuation, one can hear all kinds of Swiss German dialects spoken by its inhabitants and commuters.

As of the December census, Some Dramatically increasing, according to the last census in , 8. Italian follows behind at 7. Other languages spoken here include: Croatian and Serbian 4.

Multiple choices were possible. The Protestant Reformation , led by Huldrych Zwingli , made Zürich both a theological centre and a stronghold of Protestantism in Switzerland.

Zürich attracted other influential Protestant Reformers like Heinrich Bullinger. Zwingli translated the Bible Zürich Bible into the local variety of German , and introduced the Reformation by winning support of the magistrates, the princess abbess Katharina von Zimmern , and the largely peasant population of the Canton of Zürich.

The canton unanimously adopted the Reformed tradition , as represented by Zwingli. Religious wars between Catholics and Protestants tormented the Swiss Confederacy.

Zwingli died for political and religious reasons by defending the Canton of Zürich in the Battle of Kappel. Bullinger took over his role as the city's spiritual leader.

Since then, both large Swiss churches, the Roman Catholic Church and Swiss Reformed Church, have been constantly losing members, though for the Catholic Church, the decrease started 20 years later, in around For the group of people, being between 24 and 44 years old, this is as high as one in every third person.

The Synagoge Zürich Löwenstrasse is the oldest and largest synagogue of Zürich. The level of unemployment in Zürich was 3.

In , the average monthly income was about CHF before any deductions for social insurances and taxes. Most of Zürich's sites are located within the area on either side of the Limmat, between the Main railway station and Lake Zürich.

The churches and houses of the old town are clustered here, as are the most expensive shops along the famous Bahnhofstrasse. The Lindenhof in the old town is the historical site of the Roman castle, and the later Carolingian Imperial Palace.

Compared to other cities, there are few tall buildings in Zürich. The municipal building regulations Article 9 [77] limit the construction of high-rise buildings to areas in the west and north of the city.

Around the year , regulations became more flexible and high-rise buildings were again planned and built. The people's initiative "40 metres feet is enough," which would have reduced both the maximum height and the high-rise buildings area, was clearly rejected on 29 November There are numerous examples of brutalist buildings throughout the city, including the Swissmill Tower which, at m, is the world's tallest gain silo.

Zürich is a leading financial center and global city. By far the most important sector in the economy of Zürich is the service industry, which employs nearly four-fifths of workers.

Other important industries include light industry, machine and textile industries and tourism. Located in Zürich, the Swiss Stock Exchange was established in and is nowadays the fourth most prominent stock exchange in the world.

In addition, Zürich is the world's largest gold trading centre. The high quality of life has been cited as a reason for economic growth in Zürich.

The consulting firm Mercer has for many years ranked Zürich as a city with the highest quality of life in the world. Local planning authorities ensure clear separation between urban and recreational areas and there are many protected nature reserves.

Zürich benefits from the high level of investment in education which is typical of Switzerland in general and provides skilled labour at all levels.

The city is home to two major universities, thus enabling access to graduates and high technology research. Professional training incorporates a mix of practical work experience and academic study while, in general, emphasis is placed on obtaining a good level of general education and language ability.

As a result, the city is home to many multilingual people and employees generally demonstrate a high degree of motivation and a low level of absenteeism.

The employment laws are less restrictive as nearby Germany or France. Technology new start, FinTech and others in MedTech secure good seed and starter funding.

The exchange turnover generated at the SWX was in of 1,, In , an electronic trading platform replaced the open outcry trading system at the stock exchanges of Geneva founded in , Basel , and Zürich About 60, people study at the 20 universities, colleges and institutions of higher education in Zürich.

Two of Switzerland's most distinguished universities are located in the city: the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology ETH Zürich , which is controlled by the federal government, and the University of Zürich , under direction of the canton of Zürich.

Both universities were listed in the top 50 world universities rated in ETH was founded in by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in as a polytechnic institute.

ETH achieved its reputation particularly in the fields of chemistry, mathematics and physics and there are 21 Nobel Laureates who are associated with the institution.

ETH is usually ranked the top university in continental Europe. The University of Zürich was founded in , although its beginnings date back to when the Swiss reformer Ulrich Zwingli founded a college of theology.

Nowadays with its 24, students and 1, graduations each year, the University of Zürich is the largest in Switzerland and offers the widest range of subjects and courses at any Swiss higher education institution.

See also List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland. The headquarters of Switzerland's national licence fee-funded German language television network " SF " are located in the Leutschenbach neighborhood, to the north of the Oerlikon railway station.

There are three large daily newspapers published in Zürich that are known across Switzerland. All three of those newspapers publish Sunday editions.

Besides the three main daily newspapers, there is a free daily commuter newspaper which is widely distributed: 20 Minuten 20 minutes , published weekdays in the mornings.

A number of magazines from major publishers are based in Zürich. In addition to high-quality museums and galleries, Zürich has high-calibre chamber and symphony orchestras and several important theatres.

The Zurich Film Festival is an international film festival, lasting 11 days and featuring popular international productions.

One of the largest and most popular annual events in Zürich is the Street Parade , which is also one of the largest techno and dance music festivals in the world.

Proceeding along the side of Lake Zürich, it is normally held on the second Saturday in August. The first edition was held in with about 1, participants.

By the event attracted one million participants. It features music, fireworks set to music, [98] and other attractions throughout the old town.

It is the largest public festival in Switzerland and attracts up to 2 million visitors. The Kunst Zürich is an international contemporary art fair with an annual guest city; it combines most recent arts with the works of well-established artists.

It consists of decorated sculptures distributed over the city centre, in public places. Past themes have included lions , cows , benches , teddy bears , and huge flower pots From this originated the concept of the CowParade that has been featured in other major world cities.

Zürich has been the home to several art movements. The Dada movement was founded in at the Cabaret Voltaire. For in Hotel Helvetia.

Situated in a tranquil location, the Hotel Wassberg greets its guests with a panoramic view of mountains and Hotel Wassberg. The modern rooms and suites are tastefully furnished and feature every amenity a guest could wish for Park Hyatt Zurich.

The historical hotel with 40 guest rooms has been designed with great attention to detail and to preserving Romantik Seehotel Sonne.

On the site where a school hut served as a hostel in there now stands a spacious new building, featuring Zurich Youth Hostel. The tradition-steeped hotel, The Dolder Grand, lies on the idyllic Zürichberg, offering a magnificent view The Dolder Grand.

Zurich Art Weekend. Three days of contemporary art at its finest. Even discerning art lovers are in for a treat. September 24 — October 4, Zurich Film Festival.

The Zurich Film Festival offers a platform for the most promising filmmakers from around the globe. Show All Events.

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